2017年12月26日 星期二


How to stay out of a nursing home and age independently

Want to stay out of a nursing home in your twilight years? Put down that hot dog.
A new study outlines which aspects of a healthy lifestyle predict independent living late in life. While physical activity and living with someone else can factor into reaching old age, specific behaviors — such as sticking to a Mediterranean-like diet and not smoking — may dictate a person’s ability to live without a caregiver into their late 80s, according to research published Friday in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. Experts told NewsHour such guidelines for keeping the elderly mobile are invaluable as the geriatric population continues to grow.
“Preserved independence is highly valued by very old individuals,” Kristin Franzon, a geriatrician and the study’s lead author, told NewsHour via email. In the beginning, her team wanted to know if there was anything people could do to maintain independence as they age, or if dependence is an unavoidable part of getting old.
Her 16-year study at Uppsala University followed a cohort of Swedish men as they became octogenarians. Franzon started her investigation in 2011, but relied on data from the the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM) — an ongoing project begun in 1970, when its participants were 50 years old.
Approximately 1,100 participants from ULSAM fit the bill for Franzon’s study, though some chose not to participate or didn’t meet the benchmark for independent living at the start. Over the next 16 years, a portion of the men also passed away or dropped out due to severe illness. To qualify as independent, the men had to meet rigorous standards. The men had to be able to bathe, toilet and dress themselves, and walk alone outdoors until the age of 87. They also had to pass a mental state examination, could not be institutionalized or have dementia.
In the end, 369 men completed the final study — 276 counted as independent agers, while 93 lived co-dependent lifestyles.
This cohort underwent a series of tests during medical checkups. The men were queried on their physical activity, education level, smoking habits and whether or not they lived alone. When they could make it to the clinic, nurses gave them a full physical, looking at health indicators like height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood glucose, insulin and cholesterol.
Participants also kept food diaries. Those records were scored based on how well their diets conformed to a modified Mediterranean diet — meaning it was adapted for a typical Swede. Typically, a Mediterranean diet emphasizes fish, cereals, polyunsaturated fatty acids, fruits and vegetables. For the Swedes in the study, their diets did not contain a lot of olive oil or nuts, while potatoes counted as a grain.
Out of all this information came three traits associated with independent aging: never having smoked, a waistline under 40 inches and a high adherence to the Mediterranean-like diet.
“As far as we know, this is the first study to show an association between high adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet and preserved independence at a very old age,” Franzon said. Other traits, including physical activity and cohabitation, are only associated with longevity.
But these lifestyle recommendations may not translate for everyone. Given that the men are of similar age and ethnicity provides consistency, but at the same time, limits how applicable the findings are to a broader population.
The study is also only in men. Women have more difficulty than men with everyday tasks as they get older, said Anne Newman, an epidemiologist at the University of Pittsburgh and former geriatrician who was not involved in the study.
Newman also noted that some participants didn’t complete every part of the survey — some became too infirm to visit the clinics, for instance — so it’s likely the results are slightly reflective of healthier individuals. Franzon acknowledges this limitation, too. Her team’s report notes that it’s possible the trends they see would be stronger if there had been less bias toward a healthier population.
Even though the study is small, it’s unique in that it looks at how well seniors are living and not just how long, Newman said. It’s also rare and remarkable, she added, for a study to start at a young age and then follow participants over such a long period of time.
As the geriatric population continues to grow, Newman stressed that more work is needed to understand what will keep people active.
People are living longer, but not everyone has a family capable of the emotional and economic burdens of caregiving. For some of the elderly, nursing homes mean boredom and neglect, while other seniors view successful aging as maintaining independence.
Frazon’s research pinpoints the behaviors that might help. So, are you swapping that hot dog for veggies yet?

2017年12月23日 星期六

Stella Artois

Stella Artois (/ˈstɛlə ɑːrˈtwɑː/stella-arr-TWAH) is a Belgian pilsner[1]of between 4.8 and 5.2% ABV which was first brewed by Brouwerij Artois (the Artois Brewery) in Leuven, Belgium, in 1926. Since 2008, a 4% ABV version is also sold in Britain, Ireland, Canada and New Zealand.[3] Stella Artois is now owned by Interbrew International B.V. which is a subsidiary of the world's largest brewer, Anheuser-Busch InBev SA/NV.[4]


Witnesses saw bottles of Stella exploding on the M40

2017年12月20日 星期三



30年來,成功老化換了好幾個說法,包括健康老化、積極老化、活躍老化、最佳老化等等,如今,這四個字有了一個最新也是最好的名稱:幸福熟齡。 成功老化之道,越來越多人談,花樣也越來越多,其實累積三十年的實證研究發現,還是離不開《自然》雜誌那篇文章提出的三個方法,或可稱之為「幸福熟齡三法寶」。










2017年12月17日 星期日


我知道的老友 (遊子)故事
老友已平安離去 祭香裊裊 希望
希望充實我們的追思 想念
我跟她說個Berthe Morisot1885 自畫像
對比13年前丈夫E. Manet 給她的畫像

Self-Portrait, 1885 by Berthe Morisot. Impressionism. self-portrait. Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris, France

早上去讀書會,聽校長講胡適,好精彩!專門注意風花雪月的我,當然特別注意胡適與韋蓮司的一段情。「讓你走,是如此的艱難,老友——但是你留下來也 不會有什麼好結果。」(我記得沒引此句)
 是你那本書的書封上韋蓮司對胡適說的話喔。(如圖)圖像裡可能有2 個人、微笑的人
jb to hanching

The wheel of life is depicted in this 19th-century Tibetan Buddhist thangka. A thangka is used for teaching or as a devotional object and this one shows the world in the arms of the demon Mara, who is associated with temptation, death and impermanence. The three segments at the top of the wheel show the higher realms of existence, and the bottom three show the sufferings of animals, ghosts and hell.
See this colourful painted textile in our #LivingWithTheGods exhibition, exploring beliefs from around the world and through time – find out more and book tickets: http://ow.ly/Wp5O30hfRX4
Listen to Neil MacGregor talk about this object in the final episode of our partnership BBC Radio 4 series here:http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09gkk3r

2017年12月15日 星期五



2017年12月6日 星期三

2017年12月5日 星期二





2017年11月30日 星期四

A Lonely Death

A huge government apartment complex in Tokiwadaira, Japan, has become known for lonely deaths.


A Lonely Death


In postwar Japan, a single-minded focus on rapid economic growth helped erode family ties. Now, a generation of elderly Japanese are dying alone.

2017年11月16日 星期四

and the old man who will not laugh is a fool 簡介西方繪畫與藝術中的小丑(The Clown)


191 簡介西方繪畫與藝術中的小丑(The Clown) 2017-08-04 漢清講堂
2 views1 week ago
Hanching Chung
2013年11月16日 17:08 ·

"無哭泣過的年青人是野人。" 許達然《含淚的微笑》頁99 Dialogues In Limbo (1925), III, Author: George Santayana

The young man who has not wept is a savage, (and the old man who will not laugh is a fool).

2017年11月4日 星期六

Close friends linked to a sharper memory

Superagers have more satisfying, high-quality relationships than their same-age peers, which implies maintaining strong, positive friendships may be linked to slower cognitive decline. http://bit.ly/2xXA3Xw
“You don’t have the be the life of the party, but this study supports the theory that maintaining strong social networks seems to be linked to slower cognitive decline,” said senior author Emily Rogalski, associate professor at Northwestern’s CNADC.

How to Become a 'Superager' - The New York Times

Dec 31, 2016 - Superagers” (a term coined by the neurologist Marsel Mesulam) are those whose memory and attention isn't merely above average for their ...

How 'superagers' stay sharp in their later years | Science | The Guardian

https://www.theguardian.com › Science › Neuroscience
Apr 30, 2017 - Scientists call them “superagers” (a term coined by neurologist Marsel Mesulam at Northwestern University in Chicago). While nobody knows ...

What does it take to be a super-ager? - Harvard Health

May 1, 2017 - Finding role models who are older than we are gets more difficult as we age. But in the last few years, medical science has identified a new ...

2017年10月31日 星期二


觀點與評論 • OPINION

  • 幸福感源自內心?其實不然