From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
style of beer originating in London in the 18th century, descended from brown beer, a well hopped beer made from brown malt. The name came about as a result of its popularity with street and river porters.
The history and development of stout and porter are intertwined. The name "stout" for a dark beer is believed to have come about because a strong porter may be called "Extra Porter" or "Double Porter" or "Stout Porter". The term "Stout Porter" would later be shortened to just "Stout". For example, Guinness Extra Stout was originally called "Extra Superior Porter" and was only given the name Extra Stout in 1840.
富樂酒廠離市區有一段距離，遠遠走近就傳來一陣香甜的麥芽香氣，先在酒吧Mawson Arms會合後，導遊Chris再帶領進入外觀仍保有傳統紅磚白邊的Griffin Brewery廠房。
逛完酒廠後才是最高潮的「喝到飽」時間，Fuller’s大方提供多款新鮮出廠、不過濾，也不多加二氧化碳的真愛爾。我也找到了行文化之名，趁機 大喝特喝的藉口，甚至還裝模作樣的當起了酒保。導覽Chris看我喝得津津有味邊笑說，30年來自己每天也非要喝上一杯London Pride的真愛爾啤酒。2013-05-18 中國時報 文／伊蓮
|Founder(s)||John Bird Fuller, Henry Smith and John Turner|
|Headquarters||Chiswick, London, United Kingdom|
|Production output||217000 UK barrels (in FY2012)|
|Divisions||The Fuller's Beer Company, Fuller's Inns|
HistoryBeer has been brewed on Fuller's Chiswick site for over 350 years - as far back as the era of Oliver Cromwell. From the original brewery in the gardens of Bedford House on Chiswick Mall, the business expanded and thrived until the early part of the nineteenth century. Money problems forced the owners, who were then Douglas and Henry Thompson and Philip Wood, to seek a partner.
John Fuller, of Neston Park, Wiltshire was approached to see if he would inject the required amount of money. In 1829 he joined the enterprise, but the partnership proved a difficult one and in 1841 Douglas Thompson fled to France and the partnership was dissolved.
It soon became apparent that it was impossible for one man with no brewing experience to run a brewery of that size alone, so in 1845 John Fuller's son, John Bird Fuller, was joined by Henry Smith from the Romford Brewery of Ind & Smith and his brother-in-law, Head Brewer John Turner, thereby forming Fuller Smith & Turner, as it is still known today.
Since that date the Griffin Brewery has gone from strength to strength. In 1909 the Beehive Brewery in Brentford was acquired, along with its 34 pubs. In 1929, one hundred years after the first Fuller had come to Chiswick, the partnership was dissolved and a Limited Company was formed. Descendants of those first partners are still heavily involved in the day to day running of the company.
Over the years Fuller's has built up a reputation for its pubs and beers, with the likes of London Pride, ESB and 1845 all winning numerous awards. In fact, three of Fuller’s beers – London Pride, ESB and Chiswick Bitter – have been named Champion Beer of Britain, a feat unmatched by any other brewery.
In November 2005, Fuller’s announced the largest deal in the history of the company acquiring George Gale & Co. (Gales), of Horndean, Hampshire. The Gales deal added 111 houses to the estate taking the total number of pubs then to 362. Fuller's has continued to selectively acquire pubs to add to its estate and the company now owns and operates over 380 pubs.
Griffin Brewery As well as its range of beers, The Griffin Brewery, located on the A4 in Chiswick, is famous for having the oldest wisteria plant in the UK, planted in the early 19th century. The public can take a guided tour of the site. During 2012 almost 15,000 visited the site.
The Fuller's Beer CompanyFuller’s is most widely known as the brewer of London Pride, one of the UK’s leading premium cask ales, as well as many other award-winning ales such as Chiswick Bitter, ESB and 1845. Three of Fuller’s beers - London Pride, ESB and Chiswick Bitter - have been named Champion Beer of Britain, a record unmatched by any other brewer. Fuller's ESB (Extra Special Bitter) has the distinction of being the beer which spawned an entire beer style in the USA.
Fuller's year-round beers (as at 2013)
- Fuller's London Pride, the company’s flagship brand, is a mahogany coloured bitter. The beer is best known in England in its 4.1% cask conditioned form, but is also sold in the UK and worldwide in 4.7% pasteurised bottles.